How Do Electric Cars Work?
Dec 23, 2022

How Do Electric Cars Work?

Electric vehicles operate fundamentally differently than conventional automobiles. Gas-powered motors have heaps of moving parts and keeping in mind that EVs have their own intricacies, they're considerably more digital than mechanical. Let's examine the workings of electric vehicles in greater detail.

Types of Electric Cars

Unlike gas-powered vehicles, electric vehicles do not require explosive combustion of fuel to generate the necessary energy to move. Instead, they drive the car forward by turning the electric motor connected to the wheels with electrical energy stored in their battery packs. Consequently, EVs have fewer moving parts than gasoline-powered vehicles and generally require less upkeep, despite their current higher upfront cost. There are several types of vehicles that could classify as EVs, let’s take a look at a few of them.

  • Plug-in electric: This indicates that the vehicle operates entirely on electricity and receives all of its power when it is plugged in for charging. Because it does not require gasoline or diesel to run, it does not emit any emissions like conventional automobiles.
  • Plug-in hybrid: These automobiles are mostly powered by electricity, but they also have an engine that runs on gasoline or diesel if they run out of power. These automobiles will emit emissions when powered by gasoline, but not when powered by electricity. To recharge their batteries, plug-in hybrids can be connected to an electric power source.
  • Hybrid electric: These mostly run on fuel like gasoline or diesel, but they also have an electric battery that is recharged by braking regeneratively. By pressing a button, you can switch between using the fuel engine and "EV" mode. These automobiles use gasoline or diesel for power and cannot be powered by electricity.

How a Battery Pack Works

A battery pack, which typically extends along the underside of the vehicle in order to maintain light weight, provides electric vehicles with their power in place of gasoline. It is made up of a number of modules, each of which is broken down into individual battery cells. A layer of coolant that runs between cells is controlled by a battery management system, which ensures that each cell drains at the same rate and extends the pack's lifespan.

Charging Your Vehicle

There are three different charging levels for electric vehicles. Have EVSE installers get started on your charging station today.

  • Level 1: These chargers are the typical 120-volt plugs that are mostly used overnight at home. They have a charging time of about 20 hours if you want a full battery.
  • Level 2: These stations contain about 240 volts and an 8-hour charge time. These statistics are the reason why level 2 chargers are the most commonly used for electric vehicles. They provide the perfect charging time for overnight sleep and can be seen as financially reliable.
  • Level 3: These stations provide the most power, charging a full battery in about an hour. Consider these options for your vehicle and once you’re ready, have an affordable electrician overlook the vehicle.

EVs deal with much less mechanical stress than traditional vehicles. Their motors don’t have to deal with constant internal chemical reactions taking place, and their brake pads undergo less wear and tear, along with many other benefits. If you would like EVSE installers in Stony Brook to start your vehicle station installment, contact an electrician from HomeOps Electric today.

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